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 veryhotthread  Author  Topic: Stuff & Nonsense  (Read 11785 times)
WingsofCrystal
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« Reply #10575 on: Apr 30th, 2014, 07:39am »

Science Daily

Babies recognize real-life objects from pictures as early as nine months, psychologists discover

Date:
April 29, 2014

Source:
University of Royal Holloway London

Babies begin to learn about the connection between pictures and real objects by the time they are nine-months-old, according to a new study by scientists at Royal Holloway, University of London, and the University of South Carolina.

The research, published today in Child Development, found that babies can learn about a toy from a photograph of it well before their first birthday.

"The study should interest any parent or caregiver who has ever read a picture book with an infant," said Dr Jeanne Shinskey, from the Department of Psychology at Royal Holloway. "For parents and educators, these findings suggest that, well before their first birthdays and their first words, babies are capable of learning about the real world indirectly from picture books, at least those that have very realistic images like photographs."

Researchers familiarized 30 eight and nine-month-olds with a life-sized photo of a toy for about a minute. The babies were then placed before the toy in the picture and a different toy and researchers watched to see which one the babies reached for first.

In one condition, the researchers tested infants' simple object recognition for the target toy by keeping both objects visible, drawing infants' attention to the toys and then placing the toys inside clear containers. In another condition, they tested infants' ability to create a continued mental idea of the target toy by hiding both toys from view, drawing infants' attention to the toys and then placing the toys inside opaque containers.

When the toys were visible in clear containers, babies reached for the one that had not been in the picture, suggesting that they recognized the pictured toy and found it less interesting than the new toy because its novelty had worn off. But when the toys were hidden in opaque containers, babies showed the opposite preference -- they reached more often for the one that had been in the photo, suggesting that they had formed a continued mental idea of it.

Dr Shinskey said: "These findings show that one brief exposure to a picture of a toy affects infants' actions with the real toy by the time they reach nine-months-old. It also demonstrates that experience with a picture of something can strengthen babies' ideas of an object so they can maintain it after the object disappears -- so out of sight is not out of mind."

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140429205733.htm

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« Reply #10576 on: Apr 30th, 2014, 07:43am »

Wired

Hackers Can Mess With Traffic Lights to Jam Roads and Reroute Cars

By Kim Zetter

04.30.14 | 6:30 am

The hacker in the Italian Job did it spectacularly. So did the fire sale team in Live Free or Die Hard. But can hackers really hijack traffic lights to cause gridlock and redirect cars?

According to one researcher, parts of the vehicle traffic control system installed at major arteries in U.S. cities and the nation’s capital are so poorly secured they can be manipulated to snarl traffic or force cars onto different streets.

The hack doesn’t target the traffic lights directly but rather sensors embedded in streets that feed data to traffic control systems, says Cesar Cerrudo, an Argentinian security researcher with IoActive who examined the systems and plans to present his findings at the upcoming Infiltrate conference in Florida.

The vulnerable controllers–Sensys Networks VDS240 wireless vehicle detection systems–are installed in 40 U.S. cities, including San Francisco, Los Angeles, New York City, Washington, DC, as well as in nine other countries.

The system is comprised of magnetic sensors embedded in roadways that wirelessly feed data about traffic flow to nearby access points and repeaters, which in turn pass the information to traffic signal controllers.

The sensors use a proprietary protocol designed by the vendor — called the Sensys NanoPower Protocol — that operates similar to Zigbee. But the systems lack basic security protections — such as data encryption and authentication — allowing the data to be monitored, or, theoretically, replaced with false information.

Although an attacker can’t control traffic signals directly through the sensors, he might be able to trick control systems into thinking that congested roadways are clear or that open roadways are packed with cars, causing traffic signals to respond accordingly, says Cerrudo.

“By sniffing 802.15.4 wireless traffic on channels used by Sensys Networks devices,” Cerrudo wrote in an advisory (.pdf) he sent to the Department of Homeland Security’s ICS-CERT division last year, “it was found that all communication is performed in clear text without any encryption nor security mechanism. Sensor identification information (sensorid), commands, etc. could be observed being transmitted in clear text. Because of this, wireless communications to and from devices can be monitored and initiated by attackers, allowing them to send arbitrary commands, data and manipulating the devices.”

Sensys Networks’ vice president of engineering, Brian Fuller, told WIRED that the DHS was “happy with the system,” and that he had nothing more to add on the matter.

Cerrudo conducted field tests of Sensys sensors in Seattle, New York, and Washington, DC, to prove that he could easily intercept the unencrypted data. He says it would not be difficult for someone to reverse-engineer the Sensys NanoPower Protocol to design an attack after studying the data.

Because the sensors’ firmware is also not digitally signed and access to them is not restricted to authorized parties, an attacker can alter the firmware or modify the configuration of the sensors. An attacker who just wanted to cause trouble, for example, could reconfigure the embedded street sensors to communicate on different radio channels than the access points, effectively severing the wireless link between them. Cerrudo says it would be very difficult to detect a compromised sensor.

Though hackers would need to be physically near the sensors to pull off the feat, a simple wireless transmitter the size of a USB stick is sufficient to intercept data from 150 feet away. That range could be extended to 1,500 feet using a powerful antenna, making it possible for someone to alter the data from a nearby rooftop or even from a drone flying overhead.

Cerruda tested the latter using a drone to send fake data to a Sensys access point he owns. He was able to send the data from more than 600 feet in the air, but with a stronger antenna he believes he could do it from a mile or more as long as he had line of sight to the access point.

While Cerruda acknowledges that the systems may have manual overrides and secondary controls that could be used to mitigate problems, an attacker could nevertheless create traffic jams and other problems — causing lights to remain red longer than they should or allowing cars at metering lights to enter freeways and bridges faster or slower than optimal — before anyone would notice and respond to the problem.

“These traffic problems could cause real accidents, even deadly ones by cars crashing or by blocking ambulances, fire fighters, or police cars going for an emergency call,” he writes in a blog post.

more after the jump:
http://www.wired.com/2014/04/traffic-lights-hacking/

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« Reply #10577 on: Apr 30th, 2014, 12:18pm »

CRYSTAL ~ wink

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« Reply #10578 on: Apr 30th, 2014, 2:22pm »

on Apr 27th, 2014, 10:47am, WingsofCrystal wrote:
My sisters grandson is missing in Arizona. He was born and raised there so he knows his surroundings (he is 21).
He went out camping last Wednesday and hasn't come home. The sheriffs posse has trackers and dogs out looking for him. Those trackers know their stuff so that makes me hopeful.

Please send up prayers that they find him alive.

Crystal



on Apr 29th, 2014, 09:26am, WingsofCrystal wrote:
It looks like my sisters grandson drowned in Saguaro Lake. The sheriff told the family last night that they will be putting divers in the lake. It's a recovery mission now.

Thank you so much for the thoughts and prayers.

Crystal





Good evening, WingsofCrystal, although this is not a good one for yourself and fam. I am praying for you all and also this precious young man lost, wherever his hike has taken him in the universe.


Love,


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« Reply #10579 on: Apr 30th, 2014, 4:00pm »

cool cool cool

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« Reply #10580 on: Apr 30th, 2014, 8:06pm »

Oh Crystal... pain feels eternal..We think they are ours forever...but they are His always were....everything...like that flower..he Loans it to us for a little while..many times even less time..
I am happy You and your family had this flower..to bring you joy..He would say...I am sure..don't die for me... you live..and finish blooming for me..

My deepest Love

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« Reply #10581 on: May 1st, 2014, 08:23am »

Z, Purr, Sys, Thank you so much.


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« Reply #10582 on: May 1st, 2014, 08:26am »

Guardian

Germany blocks Edward Snowden from testifying in person in NSA inquiry

Officials say a personal invitation for US whistleblower to attend hearing would put 'grave strain' on US-German relations

by Philip Oltermann in Berlin
Thursday 1 May 2014 06.32 EDT

The German government has blocked Edward Snowden from giving personal evidence in front of a parliamentary inquiry into NSA surveillance, it has emerged hours before Angela Merkel travels to Washington for a meeting with Barack Obama.

In a letter to members of a parliamentary committee obtained by Süddeutsche Zeitung, government officials say a personal invitation for the US whistleblower would "run counter to the political interests of the Federal Republic", and "put a grave and permanent strain" on US-German relations.

Opposition party members in the committee from the Left and Green party had for weeks insisted that the former NSA employee was a key witness and therefore would need to appear in person, not least because of concerns that Russia otherwise could influence his testimony.

However, the ruling Christian Democratic and Social Democratic parties, said that a written questionnaire would suffice. The disagreement led to the resignation of the CDU head of the committee this month.

Last June the German foreign ministry rejected Snowden's application for asylum because it was not submitted in person on German soil. If Snowden had been invited as a witness, he could have met these requirements.

Given that only the government could supply Snowden with permits for entering and staying in the country, as well as legal protection from an extradition query, it now looks highly unlikely that the whistleblower will be able to travel to Germany before his asylum in Russia expires at the end of June. Snowden's lawyer Jesselyn Radack said on Wednesday that she expected his Russian visa to be renewed.

Opposition politicians said they would seek ways to challenge the government's veto. The Green party leader, Simone Peter, accused the chancellor of cowardice.

"Merkel is displaying cowardice towards our ally America," she said. "We owe the Americans nothing in this respect. The government must at least make a serious effort to safely bring Snowden to Germany and let him give evidence here. But Merkel doesn't want that."

On Friday Merkel's spokesman, Steffen Seibert, said that even though Berlin last year pressed for a bilateral "no-spy" pact with Washington, "concrete results" were not expected during Merkel's US visit.

On Tuesday German government officials confirmed that Merkel would raise the issue of NSA surveillance during her scheduled four-hour meeting with Obama, but that the situation in the Ukraine and the transatlantic trade agreement (TTIP) would dominate the agenda.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/01/germany-edward-snowden-nsa-inquiry

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« Reply #10583 on: May 1st, 2014, 08:32am »

Wired UK

The deadly antibiotic resistance era is here

01 May 14 / by Liat Clark

The World Health Organisation has released a report warning that the longheld predictions that antibiotic resistance would occur, "is happening right now, in every region of the world and has the potential to affect anyone". The report calls it a "major threat to public health".

Proof that this escalation is a very real and present danger, is everywhere. In January, a study published in Nature Genetics revealed that mutations in a Russian strain of tuberculosis has made it drug resistant and easy to spread. And in the past 12 months we have seen Australia's chief scientist warn that resistance is nearing dangerous levels, and our own chief medical officer Sally Davies tell the World Health Assembly that unless we launch a co-ordinated international effort -- like the one WHO is calling for now -- routine operations will kill us as a result of basic infections that we can no longer battle.

The WHO report, "Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance", collates data from 114 countries, looking at the seven most common bacteria responsible for serious disease and regional levels of resistance. It found that resistance to carbapenem, the antibiotics used to treat a common type of intestinal bacteria known as Klebsiella pneumoniae, is rife. The major concern here is this bacteria is behind many of the most common infections picked up in hospital, from pneumonia to blood infections. Likewise, fluoroquinolones used to treat urinary tract infections are virtually useless in more than half of patients in many countries, and the report also found wide resistance to cephalosporins -- used to treat gonorrhoea -- across Europe, Asia, Australasia, Africa and North America.

"Without urgent, coordinated action by many stakeholders, the world is headed for a post-antibiotic era, in which common infections and minor injuries which have been treatable for decades can once again kill," said Keiji Fukuda, WHO's Assistant Director-General for Health Security. "Effective antibiotics have been one of the pillars allowing us to live longer, live healthier, and benefit from modern medicine. Unless we take significant actions to improve efforts to prevent infections and also change how we produce, prescribe and use antibiotics, the world will lose more and more of these global public health goods and the implications will be devastating."

The report highlights some less common but altogether worrying resistance being recorded, from the 3.6 percent of new tuberculosis cases being multidrug-resistant, to malarial artemisinin drug resistance identified in Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.

Avoiding the proliferation of antibiotics resistance should have been easy. WHO's recommendations are, as ever, for people to use their prescriptions as instructed by their physician and to not share antibiotics. We know that not finishing a course of antibiotics can leave bacteria in the body and help it towards building a resistance. It should be avoidable. But there are other issues, such as overuse with livestock. In all cases, WHO is urging for "harmonised global standards".

It proposes we develop tools for surveillance of the issue among people, and in food-producing animals, which will in turn help us develop health and economic predictions. That's not to say that surveillance will significantly prevent rapid acceleration. The rather pessimistic WHO report seems to be wanting to prepare the public, more than anything else.

"Antibiotics resistance is a global health security threat that requires concerted cross-sectional action by governments and society as a whole," it concludes. "Surveillance that generates reliable data is the essential basis of sound global strategies and public health actions to contain AMR, and is urgently needed around the world."

http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2014-05/01/antibiotics-resistance

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« Reply #10584 on: May 1st, 2014, 1:32pm »

The Disguise is Off ..The IMF reveals itself for The IMF of the other expression they really are..Extortionists
..


http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-05-01/imf-warns-ukraine-fight-east-or-no-money
IMF Warns Ukraine: Fight For The East Or No Money
Submitted
by Tyler Durden on 05/01/2014 - 11:11
IMF approved the $17bn tranched loan to Ukraine last night, Gazprom gets paid; Ukraine gets its cash; and the door's wide open for the US and EU to pour more 'controlling influence' into the divided nation... Except there's one thing:

•IF UKRAINE GOVERNMENT LOSES EFFECTIVE CONTROL OVER EAST OF COUNTRY, $17 BLN IMF BAILOUT WOULD NEED TO BE REDESIGNED
Which, roughly translated, appears to mean go to war with pro-Russian forces (and thus Russia itself if Putin sees his apparent countrymen in trouble) or you don't get your money!

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« Reply #10585 on: May 1st, 2014, 6:43pm »

Hey Sys cheesy

~

Guardian

China's Xi warns of 'strike-first' strategy after militants bomb capital of Xinjiang

Urumqi blast marks escalation of Muslim Uighur separatists say analysts, amid speculation that it may have been a suicide attack

by Tania Branigan in Beijing
Thursday 1 May 2014 16.58 EDT

China's President Xi Jinping has ordered troops in Xinjiang to deliver a "crushing blow" to terrorism, state media reported on Thursday after a bomb attack in the regional capital killed three people and injured 79.

The blast at the Urumqi South railway station came as Xi wrapped up a high-profile, four-day visit to the region that had focused on targeting extremism. It was the third major incident in seven months targeting civilians, following earlier fatal attacks in the heart of Beijing and Kunming in south-western China.

The north-western region has seen repeated outbreaks of violence, which authorities blame on separatist terrorists but human rights groups and analysts say have been fuelled by grievances of the Muslim Uighur population at Beijing's policies. Many chafe at religious and cultural restrictions, economic disparities and Han Chinese migration into the region, which they say have eroded their way of life.

State media said Wednesday's blast took place just after 7pm, shortly after a train pulled in, hitting travellers as they streamed from a station exit. Initial reports suggested that attackers had also slashed at people with knives.

The state news agency Xinhua quoted police as saying two of the dead were suspected of the attack and had "long been involved in religious extremism". It named one as Sedirdin Sawut, a 39-year-old man from Xayar county, Aksu, in southern Xinjiang.

The third fatality was described as an innocent civilian. Four of the wounded have serious injuries but are stable, Xinhua added.

The official People's Daily newspaper's microblog said that the attackers had strapped bombs to their bodies. Experts warned that with details of the attack still unclear it was too early to say whether it was a suicide bombing.

A vendor told Xinhua he thought there had been an earthquake because the explosion was so powerful, while a 57-year-old survivor told the Associated Press that the blast had knocked her to the ground.

"I saw I had shreds of flesh and blood in my hair and on my clothes. It was terrifying," said the woman, who would only give her surname, Peng.

Following the blast, the president declared: "The battle to combat violence and terrorism will not allow even a moment of slackness, and decisive actions must be taken to resolutely suppress the terrorists' rampant momentum."

In earlier comments from his trip, not reported until after the attack, Xi said China would deal a crushing blow to terrorists and deploy a "strike-first" strategy.

He told officials that the long-term stability of Xinjiang was vital to the whole country's development and its "unity, ethnic harmony and national security".

Earlier last month several Chinese cities announced they were putting armed officers on patrol. Those measures came after knife-wielding assailants killed 29 civilians and injured 143 more at a railway station in south-western Kunming in March. In October, a car ploughed into crowds in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, killing the three occupants and two bystanders. Authorities blamed that attack too on separatists.

A Xinhua article warned on Thursday: "Separatists appear to be shifting their focus from symbols of the government – such as public security stations and police vehicles – to random, ordinary civilians, and operating in areas outside Xinjiang."

Philip Potter, an expert on terrorism in China at the University of Michigan, said that a suicide bombing, if proved, would be a notable escalation.

He added: "We are seeing a number of things that suggest there is a lot of capability on the side of the militants. I don't necessarily mean a large, dark, secret organisation; I don't necessarily mean it's co-ordinated.

"It means that there is pent-up capability within the broader population. The fact you can execute an attack at a symbolically valuable moment means in some way you are holding capability in reserve."

All of the three recent attacks were "much harder than jumping in the back of a pick-up truck in Khotan and stabbing police [as in previous incidents]," he noted.

Potter added that he did not see evidence of operational ties with foreign groups, but warned of the potential dangers if Uighur fighters who were involved with jihadist groups abroad came home. "The grievances are entirely about domestic Uighur disgruntlement in China. The question is whether there are circumstances in which the international situation throws fuel on the fire," he said.

James Leibold, an expert on ethnicity in China at Melbourne's La Trobe University, said the Urumqi attack was a clear sign that some Uighurs felt marginalised and sought to "explicitly revoke participation within Xi Jinping's 'China dream'."

He said that Xi and the party-state had "doubled-down on Xinjiang over the last year ... seeking to penetrate the party-state deeper into the lives of ordinary Uighurs" through multiple measures including a "mass-line campaign" which has seen 70,000 officials sent to work in villages, intensified bilingual education and a deepening of economic reforms, as well as more pervasive public security.

Leibold added: "Any potential spike in inter-ethnic violence does not pose a direct threat to Xi Jinping and party-state rule in China, but there is an increasing concern that the party-state's ethnic policies have failed ... Xi Jinping can ill afford to look soft, weak or unresponsive to the perception that Xinjiang and the Uighurs might soil or reject the China dream."

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/01/china-xi-jinping-extremists-bomb-muslim-uighur-xinjiang


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« Reply #10586 on: May 2nd, 2014, 08:21am »

Islington Tribune

Solved: Highbury Fields UFO mystery that baffled the tabloids

Published: 2 May, 2014
by ALINA POLIANSKAYA

NATIONAL newspapers were excited this week over claims that visitors from outer space had been spotted over Highbury Fields.

Even though the UFO images posted online were by an anonymous blogger – and none too conclusive – they were nevertheless plastered all over The Sun and Mirror, as well as internet sites such as the Huffington Post.



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Left, UFO image online. Right, a remote- controlled helicopter


The Tribune, however, believes the mystery of the “flying saucer” has a down-to-earth explanation – it was probably a child’s balloon or possibly a remote-controlled helicopter hovering over Shoreditch.

After it was spotted by an unnamed photographer “floating” towards Highbury and Islington, a series of photos were posted to the Facebook page Mixtris UFO Images on Monday afternoon.

The images were claimed to be a collection of stills from a video the photographer vowed to put up on YouTube the following day, though no such footage had been uploaded at the time of going to press yesterday (Thurs).

Just a few weeks ago a similar-looking object hovering over Shoreditch was captured on camera by a Tribune reporter but it turned out to be a remote-controlled helicopter.

Other theories advanced include the suggestion that the Highbury UFO was a helium-balloon in the shape of a shark.

The picture of the Highbury UFO was captioned: “I captured this object a couple of streets away from where I live.

"The object appeared black in colour and was rotating as it moved along. I captured nearly five minutes of video before I lost sight of it floating in the direction of Highbury and Islington. I’m not sure what this object is. I thought it was a balloon, but there appears to be a light on it...

“I guesstimate the object to be half a mile away and possibly 500-1,000ft high.”

A spokesman for the Royal Astronomical Society said: “The pictures are best described as unconvincing. Looking at them I think they depict a child’s balloon, just possibly a remote-controlled helicopter or, less likely, a kite.

“A common difficulty is estimating the size and distance of objects but, even with the figures given, a balloon would easily reach that altitude.

"It looks the right shape to be consistent with that suggestion. Strictly speak­­ing, these are images of an ‘unidentified flying object’ in that we can’t be completely sure what it is, but there’s no reason whatsoever to believe this has an extra-terrestrial origin.”

http://www.islingtontribune.com/news/2014/may/solved-highbury-fields-ufo-mystery-baffled-tabloids

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« Reply #10587 on: May 2nd, 2014, 08:25am »

Science Daily

Humans have a nose for gender: Chemical cues influence perceptions of movement as more masculine or feminine

Date:
May 1, 2014

Source:
Cell Press

The human body produces chemical cues that communicate gender to members of the opposite sex, according to researchers who report their findings in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on May 1. Whiffs of the active steroid ingredients (androstadienone in males and estratetraenol in females) influence our perceptions of movement as being either more masculine or more feminine. The effect, which occurs completely without awareness, depends on both our biological sex and our sexual orientations.

"Our findings argue for the existence of human sex pheromones," says Wen Zhou of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. "They show that the nose can sniff out gender from body secretions even when we don't think we smell anything on the conscious level."

Earlier studies showed that androstadienone, found in male semen and armpits, can promote positive mood in females as opposed to males. Estratetraenol, first identified in female urine, has similar effects on males. But it wasn't clear whether those chemicals were truly acting as sexual cues.

In the new study, Zhou and her colleagues asked males and females, both heterosexual and homosexual, to watch what are known as point-light walkers (PLWs) move in place on a screen. PLWs consist of 15 dots representing the 12 major joints in the human body, plus the pelvis, thorax, and head. The task was to decide whether those digitally morphed gaits were more masculine or feminine.

Individuals completed that task over a series of days while being exposed to androstadienone, estratetraenol, or a control solution, all of which smelled like cloves. The results revealed that smelling androstadienone systematically biased heterosexual females, but not males, toward perceiving walkers as more masculine. By contrast, the researchers report, smelling estratetraenol systematically biased heterosexual males, but not females, toward perceiving walkers as more feminine.

Interestingly, the researchers found that homosexual males responded to gender pheromones more like heterosexual females did. Bisexual or homosexual female responses to the same scents fell somewhere in between those of heterosexual males and females.

"When the visual gender cues were extremely ambiguous, smelling androstadienone versus estratetraenol produced about an eight percent change in gender perception," Zhou says, a statistically very significant effect.

"The results provide the first direct evidence that the two human steroids communicate opposite gender information that is differentially effective to the two sex groups based on their sexual orientation," the researchers write. "Moreover, they demonstrate that human visual gender perception draws on subconscious chemosensory biological cues, an effect that has been hitherto unsuspected."

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/05/140501123449.htm

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« Reply #10588 on: May 2nd, 2014, 09:07am »

cool cool cool

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« Reply #10589 on: May 2nd, 2014, 09:59am »

GOOD MORNING Z cheesy

I LOVE MARK TWAIN, THANK YOU.

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