Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #11865 on: Dec 5th, 2014, 11:41am »
Oldest ever engraving discovered on 500,000-year-old shell
Date: December 3, 2014
Source: Leiden University
Detail of the engraving on fossil Pseudodon shell (DUB1006-fL) from Trinil. Credit: Wim Lustenhouwer, VU University Amsterdam
Homo erectus on Java was already using shells of freshwater mussels as tools half a million years ago, and as a 'canvas' for an engraving. An international team of researchers, led by Leiden archaeologist José Joordens, published this discovery on 3 December in Nature. The discovery provides new insights into the evolution of human behaviour.
Not only Homo sapiens made engravings
"Until this discovery, it was assumed that comparable engravings were only made by modern humans (Homo sapiens) in Africa, starting about 100,000 years ago," says lead author José Joordens, researcher at the Faculty of Archaeology at Leiden University.
A team of 21 researchers studied hundreds of fossil shells and associated finds and sediments from the Homo erectus site Trinil, on the Indonesian island of Java. The shells are part of the Dubois Collection that has been held at the Naturalis Biodiversity Center since the end of the 19th century. The shells were excavated by the Dutch physician and researcher Eugène Dubois, the discoverer of Pithecanthropus erectus -- now known as Homo erectus.
Engravings older than weathering
The discovery of an engraved geometrical pattern on one of the shells came as a total surprise. The zig zag pattern, that can only be seen with oblique lighting, is clearly older than the weathering processes on the shell arising from fossilisation. The study has excluded the possibility that the pattern could have been caused by animals or by natural weathering processes and shows that the 'zigzag' pattern is the work of Homo erectus.
Five hundred thousand years old
By applying two dating methods, researchers at the VU University Amsterdam and Wageningen University have determined that the shell with the engraving is minimally 430,000 and maximally 540,000 years old.This means that the engraving is at least four times older than the previously oldest known engravings, found in Africa.
Purpose or meaning of the engraving?
"It's fantastic that this engraved shell has been discovered in a museum collection where it has been held for more than a hundred years. I can imagine people may be wondering whether this can be seen as a form of early art," says Wil Roebroeks, Professor of Palaeolithic Archaeology at Leiden University. He was able to finance this long-term research with his NWO Spinoza Prize. "At the moment we have no clue about the meaning or purpose of this engraving."
Early human-like mussel collector
This research has shown that these early human-like people were very clever about how they opened these large freshwater mussels; they drilled a hole through the shell using a sharp object, possibly a shark's tooth, exactly at the point where the muscle is attached that keeps the shell closed. "The precision with which these early humans worked indicates great dexterity and detailed knowledge of mollusc anatomy," says Frank Wesselingh, a researcher and expert on fossil shells at Naturalis. The molluscs were eaten and the empty shells were used to manufacture tools, such as knives.
Possible follow-on research
This discovery from the historical Dubois collection sheds unexpected new light on the skills and behaviour of Homo erectus, and indicates that Asia is a promising and, so far, relatively unexplored area for finding intriguing artefacts.
From the Netherlands, researchers at Leiden University, the Naturalis Biodiversity Center, the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the universities of Wageningen and Delft and the Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands were involved in the research.
This research is being financed by research funding from the NWO Spinoza Prize.
The shell with the oldest known human engraving will be on display in the Naturalis museum from 4 December onward.
Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #11873 on: Dec 7th, 2014, 08:27am »
GOOD MORNING Z & OUR UFOCASEBOOKERS
HERE IS A WONDERFUL ARTICLE ON THE PEARL HARBOR SURVIVORS:
In 1941: Quartermaster 3rd Class
GRASS VALLEY, Calif.
Lou Conter is telling the story of the night his patrol bomber was shot down seven miles off the coast of New Guinea, dumping the seaplane's 10-man crew into the Pacific Ocean.
The crew was not alone in the water.
"We had 10 or 12 sharks around us all the time," Conter says. "I told the men, 'If a shark comes close, hit it in the nose with your fist as hard as you can.'"
The men stayed afloat until another plane saw the burning wreckage and tossed out a life raft. The exhausted crew dragged ashore an hour later and hid in the jungle, fearful they would be captured by Japanese soldiers. The next night, an American PT boat retrieved all 10 men.
As Conter told it, the story wasn't about punching sharks, or skulking in the jungle or chasing shadows to the waiting rescue boat. Conter was talking about survival, about coming back alive.
Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #11877 on: Dec 8th, 2014, 6:45pm »
What a terrible thing to do..The roots of intolerance are everywhere. I believe Purr and The one called Tomi are furry as well. If there are any others, please speak out. Swamp,Hal, WuWu, Stand up and be counted you pikers!! Enough is enough!
Authorities are investigating the release of a gas that sickened several hotel guests and forced thousands of people - many dressed as cartoon animals - to evacuate the building.
The Midwest FurFest drew 4,600 attendees this year, which means a lot of people stood to be poisoned if the apparent attack were successful. Luckily, the leak was obvious due to the chemical's pungent odor, and attendees were evacuated from the Chicago-area Hyatt about 30 minutes after the leak was detected shortly after midnight. Chlorine exposure can cause symptoms ranging from blurry vision to a condition called acute lung injury, and in up to 1 percent of exposure cases, people die.
A ?hazmat team found the source of the gas in a hotel stairwell—a pile of powdered chlorine—and the incident sent 19 people, who were complaining of dizziness and other medical issues, to the hospital. (A police investigation into who put the chlorine there is ongoing.)
By 4:21 AM, the Rosemont Police Department gave the all-clear and allowed the furries to continue their party. " As we wake up today we want to continue to provide the best possible convention that we can, despite the trying circumstances," FurFest organizers said in a ?statement. "We ask you to continue to be patient, and remember that the volunteers who make Midwest FurFest happen intend to give 110 percent to make sure that the fun, friendship, and good times of Midwest FurFest 2014 overshadow last night's unfortunate incident."
But as AP adds, the furries do not seem worried that this is the starte of trend...
Kit McCreedy, a 28-year-old from Madison, Wisconsin, said he didn't think the incident would further disrupt Midwest FurFest, which was in its final day.
"I think we'll recover from this," said McCreedy, his fox tail swinging behind him as he headed back inside. "People are tired but they're still full of energy."
ey didn't know why anyone would try to upset the convention that includes dance contests and panel discussions on making the costumes. Some pointed out that the brightly colored outfits are made from fake fur and foam.
"Nobody uses real fur," said Frederic Cesbron, a 35-year-old forklift operator who flew to Chicago from his home in France. He attended the convention dressed in a fox outfit that he said is worth about $3,000.
* * *
In a particularly vicious alleged chemical attack, thousands of MidWest FurFest "Furries" - the term for people who dress up in expensive animal costumes and role-play (sometimes sexually) as anthropomorphic critters - were evacuated when chlorine gas was released in the Chicago Hyatt hotel in which they were nesting. As AP reports, authorities are investigating the release of a gas that sent 19 "people dressed like dogs and foxes," as a criminal matter - as someone apparently intentionally left chlorine powder in a ninth-floor hotel stairway, causing the gas to spread. Does give one paws for thought though, eh?
« Last Edit: Dec 8th, 2014, 6:58pm by Sys_Config »
Fur Real Crystal! Say, Pardon my boldness, as it is not my intention to ruffle fur or feathers. I was just noticing that diving suit. With the right velvety material, you can make it resemble a Panda or something like that, maybe even the Yeti, if you happen to be a tall lady. Both seem to be under represented it seems.