Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12227 on: Feb 6th, 2015, 10:11am »
UFO ﬁles shed light on a bygone era in New England
By Sylvan Lane February 06, 2015
WASHINGTON — James Louis Warsher and a friend were driving across the Anderson Memorial Bridge in Harvard Square when they noticed a dull gray elliptical vessel tinted with muted yellow light descending from the sky. It was around 8:30 p.m. on Sept. 9, 1964, and the two were among 11 Bostonians who reported UFO sightings that night.
Air Force investigators said the object was just an advertising plane. They confirmed it by cross-checking the aircraft’s flight plan with civilian reports of when and where they saw UFO.
But the Air Force’s official explanation — here you may cue the “X-Files’’ theme song — couldn’t answer one issue: When Warsher and his friend saw the UFO, it was flying within sight of the same plane the investigators purported it to be.
This story is one of more than 12,000 chronicled by Project Blue Book, the Air Force’s UFO investigation program that ran from 1947 to 1969. The once-classified files spent most of the past 40 years as microfilm reels in the National Archives, but they have become more accessible to the general public in recent years through Fold3, a commercial database of government and military documents.
The database includes 4,429 reports from New England — 1,910 from Massachusetts — though others from the region might not be properly sorted. Readers can sort the files by date, state, and when they were added to the website.
The pages of witness testimonies, official memos, maps, and flight patterns bring to life a pivotal period in American history, when a wealthier but war-shaken United States turned its attention to technological threats from the Soviet Union and beyond. The collection reveals how the nation’s military bureaucracy painstakingly documented what amounted to a cultural phenomenon of the Cold War.
“It’s a part of America’s comparatively recent history that people have forgotten, if indeed they ever knew it,” said Nick Pope, a California researcher and freelance journalist who investigated UFO sightings in the United Kingdom for the British government. “For years, actually, the government took this very seriously, and I think people quite often are skeptical and cynical about UFOs, probably because of the treatment it gets from Hollywood or even shows like ‘South Park.’ ”
A team of Air Force investigators conducted Project Blue Book out of Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio, taking in reports of UFO sightings from across the country and churning out explanations for what civilians and military personnel witnessed. Investigators dismissed the vast majority of these cases as aircraft, balloons, weather inversions, or heavenly bodies.
Project Blue Book was conducted in an era defined by technological innovation and immense paranoia. It ran from two years after the atomic bombings in Japan until the year men walked on the moon, and peaked with the tensest years of the Cold War. With Americans on the lookout for Soviet or Martian invaders, recorded sightings range from innocent mistakes by well-meaning people to bizarre reports from military officials.
The military preoccupation with both UFOs and covert planes has roots in a pre-World War II effort to bolster aerial photography, said Donald Welzenbach, a retired CIA officer who co-wrote a 1998 report that attributed many UFO sightings to American U-2 spy planes.
“All of these little people you don’t know about,” he said, “these guys were brilliant.”
Not every alleged UFO sighting was secret military technology. A Salem man in 1952 captured stunning photographs of four bright lights in the sky, which might have been the reflection of lamps in a window. In 1965, a man near Pease Air Force Base in Portsmouth, N.H., mistook a NASA satellite for an alien spaceship.
Other reports are still puzzling. On Feb. 5, 1950, seven people in Teaticket, a community on Cape Cod, saw two cylindrical objects float in the sky one evening. One of the objects dropped a fireball, and the pair quickly vanished. Seven months later, two F-86 pilots flying out of Otis Air Force Base picked up an aircraft on their radar going 1,200 miles per hour. The pilots never saw it, and Air Force personnel said the mystery craft made a turn so tight at a speed so high, the pilot would have endured forces sufficient to render some people unconscious.
Even though the Air Force deemed only a small portion of the reports unexplainable, UFO researcher Stanton Friedman believes Project Blue Book barely scratches the surface of American UFO investigations. Friedman claims “the Air Force has gotten away with carefully worded misrepresentation,” of its interest in the aircraft.
The Air Force, which declined to comment for this article, shut down Project Blue Book in 1969 after the agency found no threats to national security, no novel technology, and no evidence of extraterrestrial origin from the unknown aircraft. The Red Scare is history, and scientists have now turned to distant icy moons in the search for extraterrestrial life. Still, the unanswered queries from a bygone era linger.
“I wish the government would get back into this,” said Pope, “because it’s one of the biggest and most profound questions of all time.’’
Note the NBC is oddly dead. NBC News ^ | December 4, 2013 | By Becky Bohrer, The Associated Press Posted on 12/5/2013, 4:42:35 AM by Brad from Tennessee
JUNEAU, Alaska — An Alaska scientist whose observations of drowned polar bears helped galvanize the global warming movement has retired as part of a settlement with a federal agency.
Charles Monnett was briefly suspended in 2011 from his work with the U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement — now known as the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management —during an inspector general's investigation into a polar bear research contract he managed. Investigators in their report released last year said the probe was prompted by a complaint from an Interior Department employee who alleged that Monnett had wrongfully released government records and he and another scientist intentionally omitted or used false data in an article on polar bears. . .
10:15PM GMT 07 Feb 2015Comments4263 Comments When future generations look back on the global-warming scare of the past 30 years, nothing will shock them more than the extent to which the official temperature records – on which the entire panic ultimately rested – were systematically “adjusted” to show the Earth as having warmed much more than the actual data justified. Two weeks ago, under the headline “How we are being tricked by flawed data on global warming”, I wrote about Paul Homewood, who, on his Notalotofpeopleknowthat blog, had checked the published temperature graphs for three weather stations in Paraguay against the temperatures that had originally been recorded. In each instance, the actual trend of 60 years of data had been dramatically reversed, so that a cooling trend was changed to one that showed a marked warming. This was only the latest of many examples of a practice long recognised by expert observers around the world – one that raises an ever larger question mark over the entire official surface-temperature record. Following my last article, Homewood checked a swathe of other South American weather stations around the original three. In each case he found the same suspicious one-way “adjustments”. First these were made by the US government’s Global Historical Climate Network (GHCN). They were then amplified by two of the main official surface records, the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (Giss) and the National Climate Data Center (NCDC), which use the warming trends to estimate temperatures across the vast regions of the Earth where no measurements are taken. Yet these are the very records on which scientists and politicians rely for their belief in “global warming”. Related Articles President Barack Obama will use the report as evidence for action as he tries to move ahead with policies on climate change before leaving office in 2017 Barack Obama's personal battle against climate change 23 Jan 2015 Rise in sea levels is 'faster than we thought' 14 Jan 2015 Homewood has now turned his attention to the weather stations across much of the Arctic, between Canada (51 degrees W) and the heart of Siberia (87 degrees E). Again, in nearly every case, the same one-way adjustments have been made, to show warming up to 1 degree C or more higher than was indicated by the data that was actually recorded. This has surprised no one more than Traust Jonsson, who was long in charge of climate research for the Iceland met office (and with whom Homewood has been in touch). Jonsson was amazed to see how the new version completely “disappears” Iceland’s “sea ice years” around 1970, when a period of extreme cooling almost devastated his country’s economy. One of the first examples of these “adjustments” was exposed in 2007 by the statistician Steve McIntyre, when he discovered a paper published in 1987 by James Hansen, the scientist (later turned fanatical climate activist) who for many years ran Giss. Hansen’s original graph showed temperatures in the Arctic as having been much higher around 1940 than at any time since. But as Homewood reveals in his blog post, “Temperature adjustments transform Arctic history”, Giss has turned this upside down. Arctic temperatures from that time have been lowered so much that that they are now dwarfed by those of the past 20 years.
Homewood’s interest in the Arctic is partly because the “vanishing” of its polar ice (and the polar bears) has become such a poster-child for those trying to persuade us that we are threatened by runaway warming. But he chose that particular stretch of the Arctic because it is where ice is affected by warmer water brought in by cyclical shifts in a major Atlantic current – this last peaked at just the time 75 years ago when Arctic ice retreated even further than it has done recently. The ice-melt is not caused by rising global temperatures at all. Of much more serious significance, however, is the way this wholesale manipulation of the official temperature record – for reasons GHCN and Giss have never plausibly explained – has become the real elephant in the room of the greatest and most costly scare the world has known. This really does begin to look like one of the greatest scientific scandals of all time.
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