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 veryhotthread  Author  Topic: Stuff & Nonsense  (Read 47690 times)
Swamprat
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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12795 on: May 28th, 2015, 11:46am »

28th Anniversary of the Vaincourt poem:


"Just A Common Soldier"


Please enjoy the short video listed below.
God Bless America


http://www.justacommonsoldier.com/


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"Let's see what's over there."
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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12796 on: May 28th, 2015, 4:37pm »

CERTAINLY ENOUGH TO GO AROUND FOR ALL...HAL-LELU-JAH...

An atheist, a Jew, a Christian, and a Muslim walk into a bar.

The atheist goes up to the bar and orders vodka, as he had never tried it before. The bartender replies that they are all out of vodka. Because there is no proof of the vodka's existence there at the time, the atheist cannot comprehend the idea of something being outside of his perception. He then declares that vodka never existed, and that anyone who believes in vodka is an idiot. He promptly leaves the bar, muttering to himself about how he's a genius.

The Christian goes up next, and orders wine. To test the bartender's knowledge of wine, the Christian asked how it was made. The bartender explained the process of distilling wine, to which the Christian loudly proclaimed was wrong for it came from the blood of Jesus. If logic contradicts the Bible, then the logic must be wrong. The Christian leaves the bar fuming, but not before telling the bartender he was going to Hell for blaspheming.

The Jew comes up next, but doesn't order anything. The Jew instead convinces another patron to give him his drink. The Jew repeats this process several times until one of the patrons refused. The Jew then stole the drink from him. When the man protested and called him a thief, the Jew told the man he was antisemitic, before calling his cousin at the police department to arrest the man whose drink he stole. No one refused the Jew drinks afterwards.

The Muslim comes in and orders nothing; he merely wants to meet up with his friends. He is a surprisingly jovial and friendly individual, who nobody has a real problem with. Then his friends arrive, and things quickly escalate. They go from merely referencing and hand-waving the fact that they're Islamic, to loudly proclaiming it and pushily attempting to convert people. When they are refused time and time again, they promptly set the bar on fire and call the police arresting them racist for doing so.


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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12797 on: May 29th, 2015, 07:25am »

GOOD MORNING CRYSTAL ~ CASEBOOK cool

PROVIDING EXCITEMENT ~ A LA CASEBOOK CAFE'

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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12798 on: May 29th, 2015, 09:45am »

grin


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Crystal


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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12799 on: May 29th, 2015, 09:50am »

Science Daily

Scientists retrieve lost memories using optogenetics

Date: May 28, 2015
Source: Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Memories that have been "lost" as a result of amnesia can be recalled by activating brain cells with light.

In a paper published today in the journal Science, researchers at MIT reveal that they were able to reactivate memories that could not otherwise be retrieved, using a technology known as optogenetics.

The finding answers a fiercely debated question in neuroscience as to the nature of amnesia, according to Susumu Tonegawa, the Picower Professor in MIT's Department of Biology and director of the RIKEN-MIT Center at the Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, who directed the research by lead authors Tomas Ryan, Dheeraj Roy, and Michelle Pignatelli.

Neuroscience researchers have for many years debated whether retrograde amnesia -- which follows traumatic injury, stress, or diseases such as Alzheimer's -- is caused by damage to specific brain cells, meaning a memory cannot be stored, or if access to that memory is somehow blocked, preventing its recall.

"The majority of researchers have favored the storage theory, but we have shown in this paper that this majority theory is probably wrong," Tonegawa says. "Amnesia is a problem of retrieval impairment."

Memory researchers have previously speculated that somewhere in the brain network is a population of neurons that are activated during the process of acquiring a memory, causing enduring physical or chemical changes.

If these groups of neurons are subsequently reactivated by a trigger such as a particular sight or smell, for example, the entire memory is recalled. These neurons are known as "memory engram cells."

Shedding light

In 2012 Tonegawa's group used optogenetics -- in which proteins are added to neurons to allow them to be activated with light -- to demonstrate for the first time that such a population of neurons does indeed exist in an area of the brain called the hippocampus.

However, until now no one has been able to show that these groups of neurons do undergo enduring chemical changes, in a process known as memory consolidation. One such change, known as "long-term potentiation" (LTP), involves the strengthening of synapses, the structures that allow groups of neurons to send signals to each other, as a result of learning and experience.

To find out if these chemical changes do indeed take place, the researchers first identified a group of engram cells in the hippocampus that, when activated using optogenetic tools, were able to express a memory.

When they then recorded the activity of this particular group of cells, they found that the synapses connecting them had been strengthened. "We were able to demonstrate for the first time that these specific cells -- a small group of cells in the hippocampus -- had undergone this augmentation of synaptic strength," Tonegawa says.

The researchers then attempted to discover what happens to memories without this consolidation process. By administering a compound called anisomycin, which blocks protein synthesis within neurons, immediately after mice had formed a new memory, the researchers were able to prevent the synapses from strengthening.

When they returned one day later and attempted to reactivate the memory using an emotional trigger, they could find no trace of it. "So even though the engram cells are there, without protein synthesis those cell synapses are not strengthened, and the memory is lost," Tonegawa says.

But startlingly, when the researchers then reactivated the protein synthesis-blocked engram cells using optogenetic tools, they found that the mice exhibited all the signs of recalling the memory in full.

"If you test memory recall with natural recall triggers in an anisomycin-treated animal, it will be amnesiac, you cannot induce memory recall," Tonegawa says. "But if you go directly to the putative engram-bearing cells and activate them with light, you can restore the memory, despite the fact that there has been no LTP."

"Groundbreaking paper"

Further studies carried out by Tonegawa's group demonstrated that memories are stored not in synapses strengthened by protein synthesis in individual engram cells, but in a circuit, or "pathway" of multiple groups of engram cells and the connections between them.

"We are proposing a new concept, in which there is an engram cell ensemble pathway, or circuit, for each memory," he says. "This circuit encompasses multiple brain areas and the engram cell ensembles in these areas are connected specifically for a particular memory."

The research dissociates the mechanisms used in memory storage from those of memory retrieval, according to Ryan. "The strengthening of engram synapses is crucial for the brain's ability to access or retrieve those specific memories, while the connectivity pathways between engram cells allows the encoding and storage of the memory information itself," he says.

Changes in synaptic strength and in spine properties have long been associated with learning and memory, according to Alcino Silva, director of the Integrative Center for Learning and Memory at the University of California at Los Angeles. "This groundbreaking paper suggests that these changes may not be as critical for memory as once thought, since under certain conditions, it seems to be possible to disrupt these changes and still preserve memory," he says. "Instead, it appears that these changes may be needed for memory retrieval, a mysterious process that has so far evaded neuroscientists."

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/05/150528142815.htm#

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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12800 on: May 29th, 2015, 09:57am »

on May 28th, 2015, 11:46am, Swamprat wrote:
28th Anniversary of the Vaincourt poem:


"Just A Common Soldier"


Please enjoy the short video listed below.
God Bless America


http://www.justacommonsoldier.com/





Thank you Swamprat, I hope you don't mind, I tweeted this.

Crystal


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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0VkrUG3OrPc
ZETAR
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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12801 on: May 29th, 2015, 10:46am »

CRYSTAL,

FUNNY GIF AND UNQUESTIONABLY ENLIGHTENING POST...

TO WIT:

"Memories that have been "lost" as a result of amnesia can be recalled by activating brain cells with light."

ONE MIGHT CONSIDER/THINK REGRESSION THERAPY ~ ABDUCTION ANAYSIS (THINKIN BOUT JACK B.! ) MAY ALIGN/UTILIZE/BENEFIT WITH SAID TECHNOLOGY...

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AND THERE WAS LIGHT grin

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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12802 on: May 29th, 2015, 11:54am »

ZETAR, I'll comment in the 'Critical Analysis...' thread.
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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12803 on: May 29th, 2015, 2:15pm »

Universal Soldier.

But without him,
How would Hitler have condemned them at Dachau?
Without him Caesar would have stood alone,
He's the one who gives his body
As a weapon of the war,
And without him all this killing can't go on.

Donovan.



HAL
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Do you remember
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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12804 on: May 29th, 2015, 2:37pm »

HAL,

SUCH A ROMANTIC...A THINKING MAN...ALONG SUCH INSIGHTS...AND ANOTHER THINKING MAN...

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"When the imagination sleeps, words are emptied of their meaning." ---Albert Camus

"I believe in intuition and inspiration. Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited, whereas imagination embraces the entire world, stimulating progress, giving birth to evolution." ---Albert Einstein

OH THOSE TEASERS FOR AN UNIQUELY GIFTED INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALIST...cool

https://jonrappoport.wordpress.com/2015/05/29/part-2-the-reality-salesman-makes-a-house-call/

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HE LOOKS ~ HE SEES ~ THAT TAP ON THE SHOULDER grin

SHALOM ALEICHEM...Z
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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12805 on: May 29th, 2015, 2:44pm »

ZETAR,

..I believe in intuition and inspiration. Imagination is more important than knowledge...

Imagination will get you to an hypotheses.

Intuition and inspiration may turn that into a theory.

But only knowledge can prove the theory to be fact; or otherwise.

HAL
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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12806 on: May 29th, 2015, 2:56pm »

HAL,

AREN'T WE ON A ROLL...

TO WIT:

"Imagination will get you to an hypotheses.

Intuition and inspiration may turn that into a theory.

But only knowledge can prove the theory to be fact; or otherwise."

I QUITE AGREE ~ BUT THEN THE LOGICAL QUESTION IS...WHAT COMES FIRST >>> IMAGINATION <<< grin >>> INTUITION <<< grin >>> KNOWLEDGE <<< grin

HAVIND SAID THE ABOVE ~ IT NO DOUBT IS A DANCE BETWEEN THE THREE ~ AND ~ IMHO ~ WHO SHALL CUT IN FIRST cool ~ ALWAYS STIRRING!

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EDIT TO ADD:

WHEN ONE LACKS THE KNOWLEDGE ~ TO CONFIRM A/THE THEORY ~ WHAT HAVE WE grin

"A theory can be proved by experiment; but no path leads from experiment to the birth of a theory."

Albert Einstein
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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12807 on: May 29th, 2015, 3:00pm »

ZETAR,

..WHAT COMES FIRST >>> IMAGINATION <<< >>> INTUITION <<< >>> KNOWLEDGE <<<


IMAGINATION.

THEN FORM FOLLOWS FUNCTION.

HAL
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« Reply #12808 on: May 29th, 2015, 3:05pm »

....A theory can be proved by experiment; but no path leads from experiment to the birth of a theory."

Albert Einstein
...


He was wrong there.

Experimental results often give rise to new theories.
If an experiment gives rise to results other than the one expected, one has to find out why. A new theory is born.

Old Albert must have been having a bad day.

HAL
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xx Re: Stuff & Nonsense
« Reply #12809 on: May 29th, 2015, 3:50pm »

HAL,

TO WIT:

"Experimental results often give rise to new theories.
If an experiment gives rise to results other than the one expected, one has to find out why. A new theory is born"

OFTEN SUCH DISCOVERIES ~ ALTHOUGH EXPERIMENTAL ~ HAS ATTACHED TO IT >>> THE FLUKE FACTOR <<< grin THE OLE GOING THROUGH THE MOTIONS TO SEE ~ rolleyes

SHALOM...Z
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