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 veryhotthread  Author  Topic: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed  (Read 7240 times)
ZETAR
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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1680 on: Jun 23rd, 2017, 11:22am »

GOOD MORNING CRYSTAL ~ AND OUR ENLIGHTENED KREW A LA CASEBOOK CAFE'

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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1681 on: Jun 23rd, 2017, 6:05pm »

on Jun 23rd, 2017, 11:22am, ZETAR wrote:
GOOD MORNING CRYSTAL ~ AND OUR ENLIGHTENED KREW A LA CASEBOOK CAFE'

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WONDERFUL grin

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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1682 on: Jun 24th, 2017, 06:24am »

GOOD MORNING ALL cheesy






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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1683 on: Jun 24th, 2017, 06:33am »

Smithsonian Magazine

Explore Ancient British Isles Hill Forts with a New Online Atlas

The atlas lists over 4,000 of the structures that dot the landscape, used as gathering spots for Bronze and Iron Age Britons

By Jason Daley
smithsonian.com
June 23, 2017 1:26PM

The countryside of the British Isles is dotted with hill forts, earthworks usually on top of hills that were used in the first millennium B.C. by Bronze and Iron Age Britons. While some of the hill forts are tourist attractions, most of them are tucked away on mountainsides, in agricultural fields or other out-of-the-way places. Now, an impressive new online atlas reveals the location of more than 4,000 of them, reports Steven Morris at The Guardian.

Dozens of experts and volunteers compiled the atlas over the course of five years, Morris writes. Gary Lock, emeritus professor of archaeology at Oxford, tells Horatio Clare at The Financial Times that the project is an attempt to get the public to recognize and protect the historic structures that are sprinkled around them.

According to the BBC, around 40 percent of the 4,147 sites in the atlas are in Scotland. In Ireland, the counties of Mayo and Cork top the list with more than 70 forts each. There are 1,224 forts in England including many in Devon and Cornwall. For some reason, a few areas, like Kent, have almost no forts.

Hill forts don't exactly live up to their name, Clare reports. Many are not built on hills and many do not resemble forts. And, in fact, archaeologists no longer believe they were actually military forts or defensive structures at all. Instead, these earthworks were likely places of gathering for people to feast and trade.

more after the jump:
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/explore-ancient-british-isles-hill-forts-using-new-online-atlas-180963803/?utm_source=twitter.com&utm_medium=socialmedia

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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1684 on: Jun 24th, 2017, 10:06am »

TMI! TMI!


Okey dokey! Dinner is ON THE TABLE!




Why Do Some Animals Eat Their Own Poop?

By Laura Geggel, Senior Writer
June 24, 2017

Why do some animals poop, and then turn around and eat their own droppings?

It may appear icky to humans, but the practice of eating poop, known as coprophagia (kop-ruh-fey-jee-uh), is common in the animal kingdom, and helps these animals access nutrients they couldn't digest the first time around, said Bryan Amaral, the senior curator of animal care science at the Smithsonian's National Zoo in Washington, D.C.

"It's a relatively normal phenomenon that's seen in lots of different species of animals," Amaral told Live Science.

For instance, coprophagia is practiced by lagomorphs (rabbits, hares and pikas), rodents (mice, rats, hamster, naked mole rats, chinchillas and guinea pigs), dogs, mountain beavers, baby elephants, hippopotamus calves and nonhuman primates (including gorillas, orangutans and rhesus monkeys), according to a 1991 review published in the journal The Cornell Veterinarian.

Rabbit droppings

Eating excrement is a natural and essential partof a rabbit's diet, said Cynthia Alvarado, a clinical veterinarian at The Jackson Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine.

Lagomorphs are hind-gut fermenters, meaning that after the food passes through the stomach and the small intestine, it enters the large intestine, where bacteria causes fermentation, breaking down tough plant material. In rabbits, this fermentation happens in the cecum, a pouch at the beginning of the large intestine, Alvarado said.

Nutrient absorption happens in the rabbit's stomach and small intestine, that is, earlier in the digestion process. But rabbits have found a way around this obstacle, Alvarado said.

"Lagomorphs overcome this design flaw by producing cecotropes, which are products of the cecum that are very rich in nutrients," Alvarado told Live Science in an email.

Rabbits excrete cecotropes at night, which is why they're also called "night feces," she said. Cecotropes are dark, soft and tarry, in contrast with "normal" fecal droppings, which are brown and hard. Most rabbit owners don't see cecotropes, mostly because rabbits "eat them straight from the anus," Alvarado said.

Once they gobble down the cecotropes, lagomorphs can digest the nutrients on the second pass, she said.

If a rabbit stops eating normal food, or if it refuses to eat its night feces, that's an indicator that the critter isn't feeling well, and should be brought to a veterinarian.

"For rabbits, their overall health is very much tied to their gut health," Alvarado said.

Bacterial banquet
Many baby animals including elephant and hippo calves eat feces from their mothers or fellow herd members when they're transitioning from drinking their mother's milk to eating solid foods, Amaral said.

Devouring this fecal matter helps babies establish healthy bacterial communities in their guts, which, in turn, aids normal digestion, Alvarado said.

Even mammoth babies ate their mother's dung. An autopsy of a 42,000-year-old baby female mammoth named Lyubarevealed that she had ingested adult mammoth feces. The finding showed that, "like elephants, mammoth babies ingest their mother's feces to inoculate their digestive systems with the microbes that will break down the plants they eat," according to the book "How to Clone a Mammoth: The Science of De-Extinction" (Princeton University Press, 2015).

Hungry herbivores

Among other herbivores, eating poop can help deliver much needed nutrients and minerals.

"Finding food in the wild can be difficult, so coprophagia likely evolved as a mechanism to allow animals the opportunity to extract the maximum benefit from the foods they eat by allowing for a second pass through the digestive system," Alvarado said. "Some animals rely on coprophagic behavior to obtain certain nutrients that are produced by microbes present in the digestive tract."

Moreover, animals that normally practice coprophagia usually don't get sick, "unless the ingested fecal material contains a pathogen," she added.

It's unclear why dogs, which are carnivores, sometimes eat droppings. But scientists said it could be for nutritional reasons, from boredom or even to copy their mother's behavior, as mother dogs often eat their puppies' excrement, Live Science previously reported.

Whatever reasons animals have for eating poop, it's humans who are the anomalous ones, said Meredith Bastian, the curator of primates at Smithsonian's National Zoo.

"HUMANS ARE SORT OF ABNORMAL IN NOT DOING IT," Bastian said. "AND THAT'S REALLY JUST A CULTURAL THING."

https://www.livescience.com/59601-why-do-animals-eat-poop.html

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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1685 on: Jun 24th, 2017, 6:08pm »

"Okey dokey! Dinner is ON THE TABLE!"


grin tongue shocked


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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1686 on: Jun 24th, 2017, 7:53pm »

wink

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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1687 on: Jun 24th, 2017, 8:18pm »

Ha! Gotta steal that one, Zetar! grin
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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1688 on: Jun 24th, 2017, 9:02pm »

grin

Ha! Gotta steal that one, Zetar!

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« Reply #1689 on: Jun 25th, 2017, 07:10am »

GOOD MORNING FELLOW UFOCASEBOOKERS cheesy

Science Alert

New Discovery Could Allow Us to Edit Memories to Make Them Less Traumatic

This is huge for those with PTSD.

MIKE MCRAE
24 JUN 2017

Researchers have recently discovered two different types of memory use completely different processes in the same nerves, opening the way for a new pharmaceutical solution for treating anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

The find challenges earlier research that had suggested memories of traumatic events used the same nerves in the same ways, making them impossible to physically distinguish.

A team of scientists from Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) and McGill University analysed neurons from a marine snail called an Aplysia in order to test a hypothesis explaining why memories of incidents surrounding a bad experience can themselves trigger anxiety.

Neurons build long term memories by reinforcing the chemical bridges called synapses that link them together.

An experience that could harm an organism, such as touching a hot surface or experiencing violence, becomes encoded as an associative memory as the connections between neurons strengthens.

Experiences aren't always quite so cut-and-dried; an organism might touch a hot surface as it hears a bell, or hear a dog bark nearby as they are assaulted. The bell might be related, or might just be incidental neurons still record the information in case it's necessary.

Sometimes this incidental memory doesn't do the individual any favours, triggering anxieties that do little to help prevent them from future harm.

more after the jump:
https://www.sciencealert.com/new-discovery-could-allow-us-to-edit-memories-to-make-them-less-traumatic

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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1690 on: Jun 25th, 2017, 12:18pm »

The Sun


https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/3878980/anonymous-nasa-alien-life-evidence-video/





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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1691 on: Jun 25th, 2017, 1:25pm »

Sorry, Crystal! I had not seen this when I posted it in the Searching for ET thread! embarassed
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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1692 on: Jun 26th, 2017, 09:44am »

on Jun 25th, 2017, 1:25pm, Swamprat wrote:
Sorry, Crystal! I had not seen this when I posted it in the Searching for ET thread! embarassed


No worries Swamprat,

Happy Monday morning to you & all of
our lovely UFOCasebookers cheesy


DailyMail

'Britain's X-Files' reveal a UFO was spotted floating above Skegness for seven hours but RAF officials were told to IGNORE it

RAF were 'overruled at the highest level' and told to ignore the strange light

The Ministry of Defence was criticised for a shambolic reaction

A government official wrote to the Ministry of Defence voicing concerns

The cache of 15 files contains details of UFO sightings for the last 50 years

Strangely, the files have not yet been digitised sparking conspiracy theories

UFO hunters are hoping the files shed light on the Rendlesham Forest incident

A UFO was visible on military radar for seven hours above the Wash in Skegness in 1996 but officials were ordered to do nothing about it, according to a shocking document from 'Britain's X-Files'.

The RAF was 'overruled at the highest level' and told to ignore the strange bright lights - which flashed red, blue and white - despite the fact several witnesses also spotted it.

The Ministry of Defence was criticised for a shambolic reaction which some believed could have put the nation at serious risk in one of the country's most mysterious UFO sightings.


more after the jump:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4639914/Britain-s-X-Files-UFO-spotted-Skegness.html?ITO=1490

Crystal

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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1693 on: Jun 26th, 2017, 10:41pm »

WingsofCrystal this old fashion "collusion" !

The higher ups and E.T.s in the "same bed".

This collusion would let not the RAF to take off and intercept the UFOs.

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xx Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #1694 on: Jun 27th, 2017, 08:13am »

on Jun 26th, 2017, 10:41pm, Nyx wrote:
WingsofCrystal this old fashion "collusion" !

The higher ups and E.T.s in the "same bed".

This collusion would let not the RAF to take off and intercept the UFOs.



Good morning Nyx,

It certainly seems as though those in charge are hiding something.

Crystal

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