Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #210 on: Nov 16th, 2016, 10:06am »
GOOD MORNING DEAR UFOCASEBOOKERS
“Not Dead Yet!” Medieval Medicine Beyond Monty Python
November 14, 2016 by Hanna Clutterbuck-Cook
Today’s author is Lucy Barnhouse, a Ph.D. candidate in the History Department of Fordham University, New York.
Her dissertation, which she will defend this winter, examines the effects of religious status on the development of hospitals in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, and the place of hospitals in the religious and social networks of late medieval cities in the central Rhineland. She has presented on medieval medical history for lay as well as academic audiences, and has been involved with the Footnoting History podcast for the last three years. You can follow her on Twitter at @SingingScholar.
Teaching medieval medicine to undergraduates with widely varying degrees of background knowledge on both medicine and the Middle Ages might seem like an unenviable task. I found it, though, to be one of my most rewarding pedagogical experiences. The medieval, as I’ve discovered, can often function as a safe space for students to explore new ideas and reexamine old ones. Largely unknown, and imagined as definitely Other, it provides room for thoughtful engagement with large issues that might elsewhere be treated as resolved. Discussing medieval hospitals, for instance, can enable students to discuss many questions with contemporary resonance, e.g. how do we access care? What are spaces and places of healthcare, and what do we expect from them? Who is involved in administering hospitals, and what are the implications of how such institutions are involved in other networks, religious or civic… or both?
Due in part to the interdisciplinary topic, and in part to an early morning time slot that accommodated the needs of students taking labs, the class was a remarkably vibrant mix of humanities and science majors. This enriched our experience immeasurably, as science majors were able to see things in the sources that I was not. Having class discussions led by teams of students proved particularly fruitful. Students proved very ready to share their diverse experiences—and cultural expectations—of medicine, and to work through difficulties and uncertainties together. Such efficient functioning of the class as a body (pun intended) was, I like to think, facilitated by a personality quiz designed to diagnose humoral complexions! As a class, we turned out to be fairly evenly divided between the sanguine and the melancholic, with a few outliers. This assessment led to a lively discussion about the logic or illogic of diagnostic observation, the value of experience, and the dangers of prejudice.
Examining medieval ways of conceptualizing health and evaluating medical practitioners did not come without challenges or surprises. I’m sure that several of my former students still think of Willibald, an eighth-century bishop who smuggled balsam out of the Holy Land, as a drug dealer. But even the rather frustrating source discussion that established this consensus provided an illuminating challenge to my own categories of thought. I realize that, even to historians of medicine, the medieval might seem dauntingly unfamiliar. But the Black Death can provide an effective opening to conversations about compassion fatigue. Getting students to discuss how race and gender affect how bodies are imagined and feared is made easier by engaging with thirteenth-century examples. With diverse and visibly changing cultures of medicine and health, the Middle Ages make a great place to introduce students to the kinds of questions typical of work in the medical humanities.
Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #213 on: Nov 17th, 2016, 10:18am »
GOOD MORNING LOVELIES
Got Milk? People Living 9,000 Years Ago Did, Ceramic Pots Show
By Laura Geggel, Senior Writer November 17, 2016 07:06am
Humankind has gulped down mouthfuls of milk and other dairy products from animals, such as sheep, goats and cows, for at least 9,000 years, a new study suggests.
Researchers made the discovery after analyzing and dating more than 500 prehistoric pottery vessels discovered in the northern Mediterranean region, which includes the modern-day countries of Spain France, Italy, Greece and Turkey. During each examination, they looked for remnants of milk, which indicated that people had used animal dairy products.
The scientists also examined the ceramic pots for residue from animal fat and other evidence, such as skeletal remains, that would suggest Neolithic people slaughtered domesticated animals for meat; they examined these bony remains from 82 sites around the Mediterranean dating from the seventh to fifth millennia B.C.
Dairying was popular in some, but not all, northern Mediterranean areas, the researchers found.
The eastern and western parts of the northern Mediterranean, including parts of modern-day Spain, France and Turkey, commonly practiced dairying, but northern Greece did not, they said. Rather, "lipids from pots and the animal bones tell the same story: Meat production [in northern Greece] was the main activity, not dairying," they said.
The new analysis supports the team's earlier work showing "that milk use was highly regionalized in the Near East in the seventh millennium B.C.," study researchers Mélanie Roffet-Salque and Richard Evershed, chemists at the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom, said in a statement. "This new multidisciplinary study further emphasizes the existence of diverse use of animal products in the northern Mediterranean Neolithic."
The varying landscape in the northern Mediterranean likely influenced what sort of animals the Neolithic people domesticated, the researchers added.
"For example, rugged terrains are more suitable for sheep and goats, and open well-watered landscapes are better suited for cattle," said study researchers Rosalind Gillis and Jean-Denis Vigne, archaeozoologists at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in the National Museum of Natural History in Paris.
Dairying began with the onset of agriculture, and likely helped early farmers, said the study's lead researcher, Cynthianne Spiteri, a junior professor of archaeometry at the University of Tübingen in Germany, who conducted the residue analysis as part of her doctorate in archaeology at the University of York in the United Kingdom.
"[Milk] is likely to have played an important role in providing a nourishing and storable food product, which was able to sustain early farmers, and consequently, the spread of farming in the western Mediterranean," Spiteri said.
However, more research is needed to verify that Neolithic people consumed milk products. This could be accomplished by analyzing ancient human skeletons, said study researcher Oliver Craig, a professor of archaeology at the University of York.
"Despite this deficiency, our research shows that they certainly exploited milk because we have found organic remnants in the pots they were using," Craig said. "This implies they were transforming milk into dairy products, such as yogurt and cheese, to remove the lactose," which some people are unable to digest, he said.
"We know that much of the world's population today are still intolerant to lactose, so it is very important to know at what point people in the past were exposed to it and how long they have had to adapt to it," Craig said.
The study was published online Nov. 14 in the journal the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #214 on: Nov 17th, 2016, 11:32am »
"I know many of you are deeply disappointed by the results of the election. I am too, more than I can ever express. There have been times this past week when all I wanted to do was just to curl up with a good book or our dogs, and never leave the house again."
Tomi and I agree she looks like 10 pounds of crap stuffed into a 5 pound bag..P.K.
Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #216 on: Nov 17th, 2016, 1:56pm »
What's that there DARPA up to?!
Mysterious white plane spotted circling Denver metro area
Published November 17, 2016 FoxNews.com
A white plane spotted over the Denver metro area Wednesday morning left many wondering where it came from and where it was going.
The Denver Channel reported that the flight named IRON99 was flying from California and it was heading over the Pacific Ocean until it veered back toward the west and eventually over Denver.
As the flight approached the city, it began circling and flight tracking showed the plane making an oval over the city. It made a few loops and then took off for Oklahoma without any notion of it stopping.
Officials at Buckley Air Force Base in Aurora told the station that it never checked in with radar towers and didn’t land at the base despite circling over it a few times. Denver International Airport officials also told the station that the flight.
According to the station, northeastern U.S. military bases give out the title of IRON to military flights and it usually reserved for T-38 aircraft, which the station says are usually black. The particular IRON99 flight only communicated with the U.S. Army and there was no public communications record available.
U.S. Northern Command and U.S. Strategic Command neither confirmed or denied the flight existed or the location of where the flight was seen, the Denver Channel reported. The North American Aerospace Defense Command said there were only two “high-profile” flights in the air at the time.
Most of the T-38's I've seen back in the day at Nellis were mostly white...
I think they use to use em for the T-birds...
just a plane poster said Looks like a U.S. Navy E-6B Mercury (used for the "TACAMO" communications mission)—probably from VQ-3 Ironmen, hence the call sign. This is not news. They are based at Tinker AFB in Oklahoma City. They fly out of Travis AFB and routinely fly over the contiguous U.S. and off the coast
« Last Edit: Nov 17th, 2016, 3:36pm by Sys_Config »