GREAT SPIRITS ALWAYS ENCOUNTER THE MOST VIOLENT OPPOSITION FROM MEDIOCRE MINDS E=MC2
Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #2145 on: Sep 6th, 2017, 1:29pm »
"St Maarten webcam, 200 mls an hour"
THANX FOR SHARING THAT LINK. SEEMS THE LIVE FEED STOPPED DUE TO IRMA >>> "Hurricane Irma has taken us OFFLINE. Full extent of damage unknown. Last moments of live video playing below"<<<...THIS STORM HAS A SWATH OF 400 MILES WIDE! HAVING SAID THAT...MY GUESS...IF YOU LIVE IN THE CONCH REPUBLIC, DADE TO DUVAL COUNTY...THE BEST ADVICE AT THIS JUNCTURE IS...
• Width 361 miles (582 km) • Length 447 miles (721 km)
Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #2151 on: Sep 7th, 2017, 08:01am »
'UFO' spotted over California's San Gabriel Valley?
Published September 06, 2017 Fox News
A YouTube video on the mysterious object has gone viral, but there may be a terrestrial explanation for the ‘UFO’.
The video, posted by Julian Lopez, appears to show a Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department helicopter circling around an unidentified flying object, which some observers say may be an advertisement for marijuana products.
Fox 11 reports that the object was seen floating over the San Gabriel Valley on the morning of Aug. 28.
On the video, Lopez can be heard saying: “A helicopter is circling it. It looks like a big eyeball.”
Other witnesses (as reported by the Pasadena Star News) reported seeing a large, white advertising ballon for a company known as "Brass Knuckles." Brass Knuckles is described as "the industry leader in Super Premium CO2 extracted cannabis oil products," according to a medical marijuana website.
Lopez' video has attracted significant interest on social media, gathering nearly 300,000 views.
One commenter wrote: "[A]t that altitude a balloon would be long gone - this is a powered craft it is the only way it could hold a stationary position."
Another commenter, user name al gonzalez, wrote: "This is great capture."
SecureTeam10, a YouTube channel known for its conspiracy theory videos, has mentioned the unidentified object in one of its recent videos.
Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #2152 on: Sep 8th, 2017, 07:02am »
Good morning all,
Sending up prayers for all in the path of Irma.
Threat of North Korean EMP attack leaves Japan vulnerable
Pyongyang claims ability to trigger high-altitude electromagnetic pulse
by Reiji Yoshida Staff Writer
Sep 8, 2017
The North Korean nuclear crisis has fueled global concern over how much time is left before Pyongyang masters the technology required to miniaturize nuclear warheads and make the re-entry vehicles needed to deliver them on target.
But a Sept. 3 announcement by the reclusive state raised fears of another kind of attack that completely bypasses those hurdles: an electromagnetic pulse.
In Sunday’s announcement, Pyongyang claimed to have successfully tested a hydrogen bomb and said it had the ability to detonate one at high altitude to generate an EMP — an electromagnetic wave that would fry electronic devices and disrupt communications for hundreds of kilometers around.
A nuclear device detonated 30 km to 400 km above ground could disrupt nearly all types of electronics within range, including computers, power grids and communication systems, experts say. Recovery could take years.
“The electromagnetic pulse generated by a high-altitude nuclear explosion is one of a small number of threats that can hold our society at risk of catastrophic consequences,” concluded a 2008 report by a U.S. commission tasked with assessing such threats for Congress, the president and other key government bodies.
Some experts have questioned the commission’s estimates. Others have argued the North would not stage such an attack because it would immediately be met by a massive, devastating retaliatory attack by the U.S.
But perhaps the most alarming aspect of an EMP attack is that staging one wouldn’t require an accurate ballistic missile. Even a simple balloon would be enough.
“For instance North Korea could make an EMP attack against the United States by launching a short-range missile off a freighter or submarine or by lofting a warhead to 30 kilometers burst height by balloon,” William Graham, chairman of the U.S. congressional commission, wrote in a June 2 article published by 38 North, an authoritative website that specializes in analysis of North Korean affairs. “Even a balloon-lofted warhead detonated at 30 kilometers altitude could blackout the Eastern Grid that supports most of the population and generates 75 percent of U.S. electricity.”
Japan, experts say, looks particularly vulnerable compared with the U.S., which is thought to have already shielded key defense and government facilities from EMPs.
At a news conference Thursday, Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga said Japan would consider measures to do the same.
But a senior government official, speaking on the condition of anonymity, admitted that Japan remains in the very early stages of addressing EMP threats and said Suga’s comment means the government “will just start studying what it can do.”
Retired Major Gen. Takashi Onizuka of the Ground Self-Defense Force has long warned that a nuclear EMP attack could be catastrophic for Japan.
Onizuka headed the GSDF’s Chemical School in Omiya, Saitama Prefecture, Japan’s sole institute specializing in studying defensive measures against nuclear, biological and chemical weapons, from 2004 to 2005.
“Japan hasn’t even recognized the EMP threat until recently,” he told The Japan Times in a telephone interview, adding that he doesn’t believe even the Self-Defense Forces are well-prepared against EMP threats.
According to Onizuka, if a 10-kiloton atomic bomb is detonated 30 km above the Kanto region, it would have a 602-km radius of effect that would cover most of Honshu. At an altitude of 135 km, the blast radius would expand to 1,300 km, covering Hokkaido and Kyushu.
In a 2016 article for the Tokyo-based nonprofit organization Center for Information and Security Trade Control, Onizuka warned that a high-altitude EMP attack would damage or destroy Japan’s power, communications and transport systems as well as disable banks, hospitals and nuclear power plants.
“If the electricity supply for a nuclear power plant is cut off, and the operator cannot deal with the situation by activating an emergency power system or generators, it could lead to an emergency like the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident,” Onizuka wrote.
After the Fukushima core meltdowns, Japan idled all of its commercial reactors. Five have since been allowed to resume operation and the central government is pushing hard for more restarts.
At a meeting of the Lower House Foreign Affairs Committee on May 12, Shunichi Tanaka, chairman of the Nuclear Regulation Authority, admitted that the nation’s nuclear power plants haven’t taken any particular measures against the EMP threat.
Tanaka said the effects of an EMP attack “are not assumed” under nuclear safety regulations and that the NRA would only order the plants to shut down if war broke out.
Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #2153 on: Sep 8th, 2017, 07:25am »
Egypt antiquities ministry to reveal details of new tomb discovery Saturday
The ministry has hinted that the tomb is 'important'
Nevine El-Aref , Friday 8 Sep 2017
Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany will announce the discovery of a new tomb at a gala ceremony in Luxor on Saturday morning.
Although the ministry has not released any information shedding light on the identity of the tomb’s owner, its design, date or any funerary objects unearthed within it, archaeologists describe it as “important.”
“The tomb is rich in its funerary collection and it reveals the job and health condition of people who are buried within it,” a member of the excavation team told Ahram Online on condition of anonymity.
Many different types of tombs belonging to kings, queens, nobles and officials from pharaonic Egypt have been excavated in Luxor.
Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #2154 on: Sep 8th, 2017, 1:35pm »
Another planet Earth disaster! Global warming? Pollution? Clean water? Trees? Honey bees? Uh, would you believe SAND?!
The World Is Running Out of Sand
By Jodi Brandt, Boise State University, and Kristen Lear, University of Georgia September 8, 2017
When people picture sand spread across idyllic beaches and endless deserts, they understandably think of it as an infinite resource. But as we discuss in a just-published perspective in the journal Science, over-exploitation of global supplies of sand is damaging the environment, endangering communities, causing shortages and promoting violent conflict.
Skyrocketing demand, combined with unfettered mining to meet it, is creating the perfect recipe for shortages. Plentiful evidence strongly suggests that sand is becoming increasingly scarce in many regions. For example, in Vietnam domestic demand for sand exceeds the country's total reserves. If this mismatch continues, the country may run out of construction sand by 2020, according to recent statements from the country's Ministry of Construction.
This problem is rarely mentioned in scientific discussions and has not been systemically studied. Media attention drew us to this issue. While scientists are making a great effort to quantify how infrastructure systems such as roads and buildings affect the habitats that surround them, the impacts of extracting construction minerals such as sand and gravel to build those structures have been overlooked. Two years ago we created a working group designed to provide an integrated perspective on global sand use.
In our view, it is essential to understand what happens at the places where sand is mined, where it is used and many impacted points in between in order to craft workable policies. We are analyzing those questions through a systems integration approach that allows us to better understand socioeconomic and environmental interactions over distances and time. Based on what we have already learned, we believe it is time to develop international conventions to regulate sand mining, use and trade.
Skyrocketing demand Sand and gravel are now the most-extracted materials in the world, exceeding fossil fuels and biomass (measured by weight). Sand is a key ingredient for concrete, roads, glass and electronics. Massive amounts of sand are mined for land reclamation projects, shale gas extraction and beach renourishment programs. Recent floods in Houston, India, Nepal and Bangladesh will add to growing global demand for sand.
In 2010, nations mined about 11 billion tonnes of sand just for construction. Extraction rates were highest in the Asia-Pacific region, followed by Europe and North America. In the United States alone, production and use of construction sand and gravel was valued at US$8.9 billion in 2016, and production has increased by 24 percent in the past five years.
Moreover, we have found that these numbers grossly underestimate global sand extraction and use. According to government agencies, uneven record-keeping in many countries may hide real extraction rates. Official statistics widely underreport sand use and typically do not include nonconstruction purposes such as hydraulic fracturing and beach nourishment.
Sand traditionally has been a local product. However, regional shortages and sand mining bans in some countries are turning it into a globalized commodity. Its international trade value has skyrocketed, increasing almost sixfold in the last 25 years.
Profits from sand mining frequently spur profiteering. In response to rampant violence stemming from competition for sand, the government of Hong Kong established a state monopoly over sand mining and trade in the early 1900s that lasted until 1981.
Today organized crime groups in India, Italy and elsewhere conduct illegal trade in soil and sand. Singapore's high-volume sand imports have drawn it into disputes with Indonesia, Malaysia and Cambodia. Sand mining harms humans and the environment The negative consequences of overexploiting sand are felt in poorer regions where sand is mined. Extensive sand extraction physically alters rivers and coastal ecosystems, increases suspended sediments and causes erosion.
Research shows that sand mining operations are affecting numerous animal species, including fish, dolphins, crustaceans and crocodiles. For example, the gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) – a critically endangered crocodile found in Asian river systems – is increasingly threatened by sand mining, which destroys or erodes sand banks where the animals bask.
Sand mining also has serious impacts on people's livelihoods. Beaches and wetlands buffer coastal communities against surging seas. Increased erosion resulting from extensive mining makes these communities more vulnerable to floods and storm surges.
A recent report by the Water Integrity Network found that sand mining exacerbated the impacts of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in Sri Lanka. In the Mekong Delta, sand mining is reducing sediment supplies as drastically as dam construction, threatening the sustainability of the delta. It also is probably enhancing saltwater intrusion during the dry season, which threatens local communities' water and food security. Potential health impacts from sand mining are poorly characterized but deserve further study. Extraction activities create new standing pools of water that can become breeding sites for malaria-carrying mosquitoes. The pools may also play an important role in the spread of emerging diseases such as Buruli ulcer in West Africa, a bacterial skin infection. Preventing a tragedy of the sand commons Media coverage of this issue is growing, thanks to work by organizations such as the United Nations Environment Programme, but the scale of the problem is not widely appreciated. Despite huge demand, sand sustainability is rarely addressed in scientific research and policy forums.
The complexity of this problem is doubtlessly a factor. Sand is a common-pool resource – open to all, easy to get and hard to regulate. As a result, we know little about the true global costs of sand mining and consumption.
Demand will increase further as urban areas continue to expand and sea levels rise. Major international agreements such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Convention on Biological Diversity promote responsible allocation of natural resources, but there are no international conventions to regulate sand extraction, use and trade.
As long as national regulations are lightly enforced, harmful effects will continue to occur. We believe that the international community needs to develop a global strategy for sand governance, along with global and regional sand budgets. It is time to treat sand like a resource, on a par with clean air, biodiversity and other natural endowments that nations seek to manage for the future.
Aurora Torres, Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Ecology, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research; Jianguo "Jack" Liu, Rachel Carson Chair in Sustainability, Michigan State University; Jodi Brandt, Assistant Professor - Human Environment Systems, Boise State University, and Kristen Lear, Ph.D. Candidate, University of Georgia
Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #2156 on: Sep 8th, 2017, 5:33pm »
Irma and Harvey are Putting Experimental New Forecasting Tech to the Test
Daniel Oberhaus Sep 8 2017, 6:30am
NOAA is using supercomputers to test a hurricane forecasting algorithm that has been two decades in the making.
Over the last two weeks, the United States has witnessed a one-two punch of catastrophic weather events: the hurricanes Harvey and Irma.
Harvey was the first major hurricane to make landfall in the US since Wilma in 2005 and has resulted in at least 65 deaths and $70 billion in damage. At the time of writing, hurricane Irma is currently barreling its way across the Caribbean toward Florida. With sustained winds measured at over 175 miles per hour, Irma is the most powerful hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic, a mark of the exacerbating impacts of climate change.
It is still an open question if and where the Category 5 storm will make landfall in Florida. The question is of existential importance—storm forecasting determines whether communities will be evacuated and helps rescuers prepare for the fallout from the storm—but the specifics remain remarkably hard to answer.
Even though there are still a lot of unknowns when it comes to hurricane prediction science, a suite of improvements to the United States's hurricane forecasting infrastructure means the US may finally be on track to mitigate the worst consequences of these natural disasters. In other words, Harvey and Irma are high-stakes tests for multi-million dollar technologies that have been years in the making.
When trying to forecast the future path of a hurricane, analysts at the National Hurricane Center in Miami draw on a number of different models, including the US Global Forecast System (GFS) and the model from the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), an intergovernmental agency supported by most nations in Europe. These models take environmental data collected by remote sensors in the ocean, hurricane-tracking aircraft, and satellites as input for algorithms that create simulations of weather patterns on a global scale.
In the US, the data is routed through computers at the National Centers for Environmental Information in Maryland to create the GFS model. The GFS model, along with the European model and others, are then passed to the National Hurricane Center, which uses the models to publish hurricane forecasts up to four times a day.
Historically speaking, the forecasts from Europe have led the pack in terms of accuracy. In the week leading up to Hurricane Sandy's landfall in 2012, for instance, only the Euro model managed to predict that Sandy would land on the East Coast. All the other models—including the GFS—showed Sandy venturing back into the Atlantic until just a few days before it made landfall.
"Statistically speaking, the European model is still the best," Shian-Jiann Lin, the lead physical scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, told me. "But we are making very big improvements to catch up."
In the weeks after Sandy, it was clear that the US needed a drastic upgrade for its hurricane forecasting system to make it on par with Europe's capabilities. The ECMWF's superior forecasts were largely a result of a more sophisticated algorithm being run on two supercomputers that rank as the 25th and 26th most powerful in the world.
Given the number of input variables involved in creating sophisticated weather models, weather agencies need access to serious computing power. So in 2013, the US Congress authorized spending $48 million to improve weather forecasting to make sure that such a deadly and expensive miscalculation like Sandy didn't happen again. Of this, $25 million was devoted a massive $44 million upgrade of NOAA's computing architecture that was completed in January of 2016.
This upgrade—which added the supercomputers Luna and Surge to NOAA's weather modeling arsenal in Virginia and Florida, respectively—represented a nearly tenfold increase in NOAA's computing power to 5.78 petaflops, or 5,780 million million operations per second. But merely adding to NOAA's computing muscle wouldn't do much good without an improved algorithm for modeling the global environment.
For this, NOAA has relied on the work of Lin and his colleagues at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, who have spent nearly two decades developing a revolutionary new climate modeling algorithm known as the finite-volume cubed-sphere dynamical core, or FV3. This algorithm, which NOAA approved last year as the replacement of the current core at the heart of the current Global Forecast System, allows for unprecedented high resolution simulations and far more localized forecasts, all while generating a global forecast four times a day.
It does this by essentially creating a 3D grid around the Earth and partitioning the atmosphere into smaller boxes, simulating the atmospheric conditions in each one, and then integrating the conditions from these boxes to give a comprehensive report of global weather patterns. Moreover, these boxes can be nested in one another, meaning that in future iterations of FV3, researchers will effectively be able to zoom in on local weather events and get accurate forecasts.
"FV3 is not a model by itself, but an engine to power the prediction model," Lin said, contrasting the engine with regional hurricane-specific models used by NOAA, such as HWRF and its experimental replacement, HMON. "FV3 describes the motion of the atmosphere, however you have to put data in to do predictions."
As detailed in a Science profile of Lin published earlier this year, the strength of the simulation algorithm comes from its integration of climate science and meteorology. While this might seem like a natural union, the article points out that "for a long time, meteorologists and climate scientists operated in separate domains."
CIA chiefs fear hostile nations are trying to manipulate the world’s weather... seriously. HURRICANE ANDREW COMPARED SIDE BY SIDE TO HURRICANE IRMA
He added that the tension created by any large-scale meddling in the climate could escalate to such an extent that it would end in all-out war.
The professor said: ‘If one country wants to control the climate in one way, and another doesn’t want it or if they try to shoot down the planes...if there is no agreement it could result in terrible consequences.’
Re: Stuff and Nonsense Unleashed
« Reply #2159 on: Sep 9th, 2017, 07:57am »
Good morning all,
Hope everyone is safe.
New York Times
Judge John Hodgman on Paranormal Taxonomy
By JOHN HODGMAN SEPT. 8, 2017
Liz writes: I believe that the Loch Ness Monster and the Chupacabra are monsters, but ghosts are not. My friend believes that because ghosts are undead, they should be considered monsters. Please put this dispute to rest.
‘‘Monster’’ has connoted enormity and a certain savage verve since the 14th century, whereas ‘‘ghost’’ connotes a kind of sad floating around in corners. As no less an authority than Loren Coleman, director of the International Cryptozoology Museum in Portland, Me., put it: ‘‘Ghosts are not monsters. ‘Monsters’ are alive and may be biological.’’ This posits the possibility that monsters can become ghosts and that the woods of the Pacific Northwest are haunted by spectral Bigfoots. But that awesome image is as close as your friend is going to get to erasing the meaning of words and paranormal taxonomy in my court.